North-West University
2 files

Datastel: Afrikaanse vloekwoordtellings [Dataset: Afrikaans swearword scores]

Version 2 2023-09-15, 08:52
Version 1 2023-08-03, 08:52
posted on 2023-09-15, 08:52 authored by Gerhard B. Van HuyssteenGerhard B. Van Huyssteen, Roald Eiselen

This dataset of user attitude scores to Afrikaans taboo language was collected as part of the multidisciplinary research project 'What the Swearword!' ( The attitude scores were collected through online single-word surveys (SWSs) for individual swearwords that were posted periodically on the above-mentioned project website. Volunteer respondents were recruited through respondent-driven opportunistic sampling, and snow-ball sampling via social media. Respondents firstly gave their informed consent, and then once-off provided information on 22 sociodemographic factors. Thereafter, individual swearwords were judged on at least seven attitudinal dimensions using 9-point Likert-type scales.

A summary of respondents' demographic information is included as Data.VLK.SummaryOfRespondents.1.0.0.ERE.csv.

A complete description of the data is published in the Journal of Open Humanties Data (




Dataset creators:

Gerhard B. van Huyssteen, North-West University

Cornelius van der Walt, BlueTek Computers

Jaco du Toit, North-West University

Roald Eiselen, North-West University

Nico Oosthuizen, Independent


© 2023 Centre for Text Technology (CTexT), North-West University


Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

[CC BY 4.0](

Cite this dataset as follow:

Van Huyssteen, Gerhard B., and Eiselen, Roald. 2023. Datastel: Afrikaanse vloekwoordtellings [Dataset: Afrikaans Swearword Scores]. DOI: 10.25388/nwu.23708229. Available:


DOI: 10.25388/nwu.23708229




Dataset size:

Number of swearwords: 71

Number of responses: 4,943

Format: UTF-8 encoded CSV

Version: 1.0.0

Collection dates: 2019/07/01 – 2023/05/31